Experienced Points

Experienced Points
Difficulty is Hard

Shamus Young | 19 Nov 2010 21:00
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I'm probably long overdue in showing my affection for Extra Credits. I wasn't aware of the team or their work before they came to The Escapist earlier this year, but since then they've been giving us a steady supply of smart commentary. This week they talked about a subject near and dear to my aging, decrepit heart: difficulty. The issue is a tricky one for a game designer, and it's one of those things that you just can't afford to get wrong. If you botch the story then guys like me will complain, but the game can still be fun. If the graphics suck then other people will complain, but the game can still be fun. But if you mess up the difficulty balance then the game is going to be boring or frustrating, and neither of those are any fun.

The Prince of Persia is a long-lived franchise that has been all over the place with regards to difficulty, so I thought we'd look at a few important aspects of balancing a game and how Prince of Persia did it.

Expectations

There is no "right" difficulty for a game. The delta between the least skilled players and the most skilled ones is massive. Anything that provides even a modest challenge to your average player will be face-smashingly impossible to someone who has never held a controller before. And that same game will be seen as "too easy" and "dumbed down" to the really hardcore types. The designer just needs to know ahead of time who their audience is.

A game can be as easy or as hard as the designer thinks it should be, but the kiss of death is when the difficulty of the game differs from what the audience expects. The 2008 Prince of Persia was cited in the Extra Credits piece as one of the games that gets difficulty wrong, and I think it's a great example of this problem. I was really excited by the game when it came out. For too long, designers seemed to think that all of the new gamers (remember this was when the Wii was devouring the competition) were addled pacifists who wanted nothing more than to pet cartoon animals and click on shiny things. But here was a real action game for those folks. You could have an epic adventure where you stabbed dudes, smashed stuff, and saved the world, even if you haven't been playing games since 1993.

The problem was that Ubisoft just threw the game out there without communicating any of this to the audience. They just thought, "Hey, casual games are selling, so let's do one of those." Long time fans bought the game and wondered why their beloved well-established platformer of flowing movement and elegant controls had just become Super Win Button Deluxe. At the other side of the spectrum, the more casual players didn't buy the game because they didn't know it was for them. It was the wrong game, for the wrong platform, marketed to the wrong demographic. When the dust settled, Ubisoft seemed to stagger away without learning anything. They didn't understand why their game had failed and so they abandoned the reboot and went back to trying to recapture the lost glory of the Sands of Time series.

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