Extra Punctuation

Extra Punctuation
A Storytelling Crysis

Ben "Yahtzee" Croshaw | 12 Mar 2013 16:00
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The problem is exposition, an essential component of storytelling that it seems game developers have only been getting worse at lately. Now I come to think about it, it's amazing how many recent video games have used the plot device pretentiously known as "In medias res" ("in the middle of things"), starting the game mid-way through the significant events in order to get straight to the action. And that's perfectly understandable because action is what sells and you want the audience to be excited right off the bat. I think I'm going to arbitrarily blame God of War for this trend, with its fondness for ridiculously epic tutorial levels.

But what you'll note about the plot of God of War is that there were an awful lot of flashbacks in it. And what seems to increasingly slip by triple-A games is that using "in medias res" doesn't give you a free pass from having to do exposition. You still have to do it, you just have to work it in later in flashbacks and dialogue, and that can be even worse than a lengthy introduction, because it means the pacing, rather than smoothly ramping up, is continually being interrupted for sepia dream sequences and the like. In medias res is like a fad dieting technique: for all its fancy talk and impressive short-term results, you're still going to have to do sit-ups at some point. You can never escape the need for exposition. You can temporarily push it away, but it's like a wrecking ball - it will come back and smash your teeth in at some point.

What seems to be the hardest thing to communicate to the entertainment industry these days is that action does not engage without context. It just doesn't. There is no possible way to be interested in, say, who will win an awesome acrobatic swordfight, without knowing who the participants are and which of their agendas we support. And yet, exposition in action games seems to be treated with extraordinary disrespect. The example that springs to mind is Final Fantasy 13, in which all the characters just tottered about spouting garbage and we were expected to go to an honest-to-goodness fucking in-game glossary to figure out what they were banging on about. Just so exposition wouldn't get in the way of all the pre-rendered fireworks displays. I'm just saying, if you play Final Fantasy 13, Square-Enix think you're idiots. And it's up to you to prove them right.

The other popular technique is of course to sprinkle documents around the place, which combines the necessary exposition with a collectibles hunt. And which does mean that anyone who wants to keep a sense of flow going and doesn't feel like poking around in every concealed nook gets left behind narratively, and I don't think having enough necessary background to have any kind of engagement in the story is something that should be left as an optional bonus. That'd be like leaving the stunning twist ending of a film for the DVD extras.

And what you definitely don't want to do, Crysis 3, is leave documents lying around that blatantly spoil an upcoming plot twist. Twice, by my count. That's a pretty mind-blowing cock-up as far as storytelling goes. That's like having the main character in a film taking their shirt off an hour in to reveal the stunning twist ending tattooed across their tits.

Yahtzee is a British-born, currently Australian-based writer and gamer with a sweet hat and a chip on his shoulder. When he isn't talking very fast into a headset mic he also designs freeware adventure games. His personal site is www.fullyramblomatic.com.

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